Corvinus
Corvinus

Impacts of climate change on vegetation distribution. No. 1: Climate change induced vegetation shifts in the palearctic region

Hufnagel, Levente and Garamvölgyi , Ágnes (2013) Impacts of climate change on vegetation distribution. No. 1: Climate change induced vegetation shifts in the palearctic region. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 11 (1). pp. 79-122.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
369kB

Official URL: http://www.ecology.uni-corvinus.hu


Abstract

Global average temperature has increased and precipitation pattern has altered over the past 100 years due to increases in greenhouse gases. These changes will alter numerous site factors and biochemical processes of vegetative communities such as nutrient and water availability, permafrost thawing, fire regime, biotic interactions and invasion. As a consequence, climate change is expected to alter distribution ranges of many species and communities as well as boundaries of biomes. Shifting of species and vegetation zones northwards and upwards in elevation has already been observed. Besides, several experiments have been conducted and simulations have been run all over the world in order to predict possible range shifts and ecological risks. In this paper, we review literature available in Web of Science on Europe and boreal Eurasia and give an overview of observed and predicted changes in vegetation in these regions. The main trends include advance of the tree line, reduction of the alpine vegetation belt, drought risk, forest diebacks, a shift from coniferous forests to deciduous forests and invasion. It is still controversial if species migration will be able to keep pace with climate change.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:global warming, vegetation distribution, biome, vegetation zone, plant community
Subjects:Ecology
Funders:Bolyai János Research Scholarship, „ALÖKI” Applied Ecological Research and Forensic Institute Ltd.
Projects:TÁMOP 4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR-2010-0005
ID Code:1486
Deposited By: Z. S.
Deposited On:07 Mar 2014 16:46
Last Modified:07 Mar 2014 16:46

Repository Staff Only: item control page