Targeting dsRNA-specific single-chain Fv antibody fragments to different cellular locations in Nicotiana tabacum L.

Morgun, B., Richter, A., Deshmukh, S. D., Stepanyuk, V., Kálai, Katalin, Nagy, G. and Lukács, Noémi (2006) Targeting dsRNA-specific single-chain Fv antibody fragments to different cellular locations in Nicotiana tabacum L. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 57 (1). pp. 1-11. DOI 10.1556/ABiol.57.2006.1.1

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Expression of antibodies or antibody fragments in plants is a useful tool for producing active antibody derivatives for diagnostic or pharmaceutical purposes as well as for immunomodulation. We investigated the effect of cellular expression site on the stability and yield of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-specific single-chain Fv-fragments (scFv) in transgenic tobacco. Two antibodies (J2 and P6) belonging to the V23(J558) heavy chain variable gene family but differing in the light chain variable domain were used. scFvs were targeted to the cytoplasm – with or without anchoring them in the plasma membrane –, into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and to the apoplast. Although high mRNA concentrations were detected in all cases, scFv proteins accumulated only when scFvs were made ER-resident by appropriate signal sequences. When the ER retention signal was removed to allow scFv-secretion to the apoplast, no scFv-proteins were detected. Despite the strong homology of the VH-sequences of J2 and P6 antibodies, only P6 provided a stable scFv scaffold for intracytoplasmic expression. J2-scFv could not be stabilised neither by adding a C-terminal stabilisation signal nor by anchoring the protein at the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane (PM). It was found that dsRNA-specific J2-scFvs are active in vivo and enhance Potato Virus Y induced symptoms in infected tobacco. This is the first report describing the expression and biological effect of RNA-specific antibodies in plants.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:scFv – plantibody – GFP – protein targeting – dsRNA
Divisions:Faculty of Horticultural Science > Department of Mathematics and Informatics
Projects:OTKA T032861
ID Code:1560
Deposited By: Z. S.
Deposited On:16 Jul 2014 12:10
Last Modified:16 Jul 2014 12:10

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