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The combined impact of urban heat island, thermal bridge effect of buildings and future climate change on the potential overwintering of Phlebotomus species in a Central European metropolis

Trájer, Attila János and Mlinárik, Lilla and Juhász, Péter and Bede-Fazekas, Ákos (2014) The combined impact of urban heat island, thermal bridge effect of buildings and future climate change on the potential overwintering of Phlebotomus species in a Central European metropolis. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 12 (4). pp. 887-908. DOI 10.15666/aeer/1204_887908

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Official URL: http://www.aloki.hu/pdf/1204_887908.pdf

MTMT:2719948

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is one of the most important emerging vector-borne diseases in Western Eurasia. Although winter minimum temperatures limit the present geographical distribution of the vector Phlebotomus species, the heat island effect of the cities and the anthropogenic heat emission together may provide the appropriate environment for the overwintering of sand flies. We studied the climate tempering effect of thermal bridges and the heat island effect in Budapest, Hungary. Thermal imaging was used to measure the heat surplus of heat bridges. The winter heat island effect of the city was evaluated by numerical analysis of the measurements of the Aqua sensor of satellite Terra. We found that the surface temperature of thermal bridges can be at least 3-7 °C higher than the surrounding environment. The heat emission of thermal bridges and the urban heat island effect together can cause at least 10 °C higher minimum ambient temperature in winter nights than the minimum temperature of the peri-urban areas. This milder micro-climate of the built environment can enable the potential overwintering of some important European Phlebotomus species. The anthropogenic heat emission of big cities may explain the observed isolated northward populations of Phlebotomus ariasi in Paris and Phlebotomus neglectus in the agglomeration of Budapest.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:climate change, epidemiology, Phlebotomus, sandfly, vector, leishmania, overwintering, prediction, model
Subjects:Ecology
DOI:10.15666/aeer/1204_887908
ID Code:1664
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:22 Aug 2014 07:06
Last Modified:22 Aug 2014 07:07

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