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Decentralized clearing in financial networks

Csóka, Péter and Herings, P. Jean-Jacques (2017) Decentralized clearing in financial networks. Management Science . pp. 1-19. DOI https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2017.2847

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2017.2847

Az Open Access megjelenés a Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem támogatásával valósult meg. Open Access was implemented with the support of Corvinus University of Budapest.

Abstract

We consider a situation in which agents have mutual claims on each other, summarized in a liability matrix. Agents’ assets might be insufficient to satisfy their liabilities, leading to defaults. In case of default, bankruptcy rules are used to specify the way agents are going to be rationed. A clearing payment matrix is a payment matrix consistent with the prevailing bankruptcy rules that satisfies limited liability and priority of creditors. Since clearing payment matrices and the corresponding values of equity are not uniquely determined, we provide bounds on the possible levels equity can take. Unlike the existing literature, which studies centralized clearing procedures, we introduce a large class of decentralized clearing processes. We show the convergence of any such process in finitely many iterations to the least clearing payment matrix. When the unit of account is sufficiently small, all decentralized clearing processes lead essentially to the same value of equity as a centralized clearing procedure. As a policy implication, it is not necessary to collect and process all the sensitive data of all the agents simultaneously and run a centralized clearing procedure.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:networks, bankruptcy problems, systemic risk, decentralized clearing, indivisibilities, blockchain
Subjects:Finance
Projects:NKFIH PD 105859
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2017.2847
ID Code:3554
Deposited By: Veronika Vitéz
Deposited On:19 Jun 2018 11:11
Last Modified:19 Jun 2018 14:38

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