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Ageing and the Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) Pension System’s Asset-liability (Mis)Matching

Banyár, József (2019) Ageing and the Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) Pension System’s Asset-liability (Mis)Matching. In: Between Successful and Unsuccessful Ageing: Selected Aspects and Contexts. Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, pp. 163-206. . DOI https://doi.org/10.24917/9788395373718.7

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Abstract

The study present how in the late 1930s-1940s a new, modern pension system was introduced in America without any theoretical basis, as a kind of arbitrary mix of existing pension systems, to replace the by then non-functioning “traditional pension system” in which working children maintained their ageing parents in exchange for having been raised. Later, in 1958, they found an ideology for the system, “solidarity between generations,” but this didn’t fit in with the system’s economic foundations, with the fact that the modern, pay-as-you-go pension system distributes the profits of raising children amongst the older generation regardless of how much people have contributed to it. This made raising children unprofitable, which provided a strong incentive to avoid it, thus launching the ageing process. Moreover, the modern pension system, also as a result of ageing, is making increasingly large and uncovered promises to the retired generation. The system may be repaired by matching the asset (raising children) side to the liabilities (pension promise) side, for example, by only promising a pension to those who have contributed to the system (through raising children or accumulating savings), and only to the extent of that contribution. Contribution payments are an obligation, the repayment of the cost of people’s upbringing, with relation to which no pension is automatically due. By doing so, the 3rd pillar of the modern pension system will also have been capitalized using a special kind of capital: human capital.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Modern Pension Systems, Pay-as-you-go, Pension Reform, the Human Capital-based Pension System
Subjects:Social welfare, insurance, health care
DOI:https://doi.org/10.24917/9788395373718.7
ID Code:4245
Deposited By: Ádám Hoffmann
Deposited On:24 Sep 2019 11:21
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 11:23

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