The evolution of European bailout arrangements and its impact on sovereign bond yields in the aftermath of the euro crisis

Boros, Eszter ORCID: and Sztanó, Gábor (2021) The evolution of European bailout arrangements and its impact on sovereign bond yields in the aftermath of the euro crisis. Society and Economy, 43 (1). pp. 1-20. DOI https://doi.rog/10.1556/204.2020.00024

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Official URL: https://doi.rog/10.1556/204.2020.00024


The 2010–2012 euro crisis prompted a wave of institutional reforms in the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), and one of the most remarkable changes was the creation of a permanent bailout facility for troubled sovereigns. The birth of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) in 2012 was preceded by harsh debates, reflecting a conflict between a German view of country-level responsibility and FrenchItalian calls for more risk sharing. These tensions have remained ever since, which was also highlighted by conflicts regarding the ESMs overhaul at the end of 2019. Concerns of Italy then drew attention to the fact that a wide range of issues prevented the community from finalizing the post-crisis structure of the eurozone. This paper focuses on the evolution of the EMU financial assistance framework up until the latest efforts for its reform. We analyse the impact of related policy announcements on changes in sovereign bond yields of Italy, Spain, Portugal and Ireland (i.e. the most vulnerable countries during the euro crisis). Our findings show that news on bailout arrangements significantly contributed to a contemporaneous moderation of periphery bond yields, especially in the case of shorter maturities. This result hints at the role of common facilities in supporting financial stability. To enhance this feature, a ‘package approach’ (i.e. multiple reforms together, as stressed by Italy) may well need to be considered. Such a broad perspective can help strengthen the euro area once the acute threat of the coronavirus pandemic is averted.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:euro area, bailout, European Stability Mechanism, reform, Italy, bond yields
JEL classification:F34 - International Lending and Debt Problems
G12 - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
ID Code:6139
Deposited By: Veronika Vitéz
Deposited On:03 Dec 2020 17:01
Last Modified:03 Jun 2021 08:17

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