Exploration of the investment patterns of potential retail banking customers using two-stage cluster analysis

Kovács, Tibor, Kő, Andrea ORCID: and Asemi, Asefeh (2021) Exploration of the investment patterns of potential retail banking customers using two-stage cluster analysis. Journal of Big Data, 8 (141). DOI

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Identifying investment patterns as part of customer segmentation is one of the most important tasks in retail banking. Clustering customers efectively is an important element of improving marketing policy and strategic planning. There are several methods for identifying similar groups of customers and describing their characteristics to ofer them appropriate products. However, using machine learning methods is rare, and the application is limited for certain types of data. The aim of this study is to investigate the benefts of using a two-stage clustering method using neural-network-based Kohonen self-organizing maps followed by hierarchical clustering for identifying the investment patterns of potential retail banking customers. The unique beneft of this method is the ability to use both categorical and numerical variables at the same time. This research examined 1,542 responses received for an online investment survey, focusing on the questions that are related to the respondents’ investment preferences and their current fnancial assets. The research utilizes descriptive statistics and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) to understand the variables and Kohonen self-organizing maps (SOMs), in combination with hierarchical clustering, to identify customer groups and describe the characteristics of these clusters. The analysis was able to identify clusters of potential customers with similar preferences and gained insights into their investment patterns related to their investment portfolio and investment behavior, including their savings profle, attitude to risk-taking, and preferences for investment advice. These fndings were supported by additional insights through the application of multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) describing patterns of fnancial instruments and portfolios. The main contribution of the research is the combined application of the machine learning methods Kohonen SOM, hierarchical clustering, and MCA for investment pattern analysis in the retail banking business.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:investment patterns, factors afecting investment, customer clustering, retail banking business, Kohonen Self-Organizing Maps, multiple correspondence analysis
ID Code:7009
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:09 Nov 2021 13:07
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 13:08

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