How does the leniency of personal bankruptcy law affect entrepreneurship in EU countries?

Walter, György ORCID:, Illés, Ferenc and Tóth, Fanni ORCID: (2022) How does the leniency of personal bankruptcy law affect entrepreneurship in EU countries? PlosOne, 17 (7). DOI

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Several studies examined how some characteristics of personal bankruptcy laws influenced entrepreneurial developments during the last two decades. Our main objective is to analyze the association between self-employment and the leniency of the personal bankruptcy systems in 24 EU countries. Unlike previous studies, we measure differences and changes in the leniency of the regulations with a composite index that incorporates 35 variables. Based on a cross-country database of self-employment ratios and various control variables spanning the years 2000 to 2019, we apply a panel regression model. We find that the implementation of new regulations and reforms in personal bankruptcy legislation in more lenient directions positively correlates with entrepreneurial developments measured by self-employment rates. This is more significant in the group of countries where the eligibility criteria for entrepreneurs are not constrained. We find a one-year negative time-lag effect and conclude that strong anticipation of the law for a more lenient system can immediately change the risk-reward profile, and thereby influence entrepreneurship before implementing the actual reform. An important policy implication is that a major reform in regulation or the first implementation of conservative legislation has the same order of magnitude of effect on promoting entrepreneurship as other public policy reforms of similar purpose.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:7551
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:16 Aug 2022 11:33
Last Modified:16 Aug 2022 11:33

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