The long term preservation of an 18th century gene bank heritage

Mezősné Szilágyi, Kinga, Gerzson, László and Bede-Fazekas, Ákos (2012) The long term preservation of an 18th century gene bank heritage. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 10 (1). pp. 47-64.

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The allée is one of the oldest instruments and forms of landscape architecture, which has often been used from the Antiquity for the expression of visual and functional relationships, for the delimitation of space, or for the pictorial creation of movement. The several hundred years old allées of the late baroque age, which still live among us as the witnesses of bygone times, represent a special value throughout Europe. The longevity and the respectable size as such bestow a certain value upon the trees. However, the allées also stand for a garden art, landscape, culture historical and natural value, which in a summarized way are called cultural heritage. Furthermore, the gene pool of the proven longevous, high tolerance tree specimens is a natural and genetic heritage of scientific signification. The age of the trees and allées is finite. Even with a careful and professional care, the renewal is inevitable, which, beyond technical problems of landscape architecture might raise many scientific, nature conservation, yes, esthetical and ethical questions. This is why there is no universal methodology, but there are aspects and examination procedures of general validity with the help of which a renewal can be prepared. The renewal concept of the lime tree allée in Nagycenk aims at the protection and the transmission of the value-ensemble embodied in the allée. One part of the value-ensemble is the spiritual, cultural heritage, the extraordinary value of the landscape-scaled, landscape architectural creation planted and taken care of by the Széchenyis. On the other hand the two and a half centuries old trees represent an inestimable botanical and genetic wealth. Its transmission and preservation is a scientifically important program coming up to the Széchenyi heritage. After the registration of the originally planted old trees, the complete nursery material of the “Széchenyi limes” necessary for the replanting can be produced by vegetative propagation. The gradual replacement of the stand with its own propagation material, by the carefully raised nursery trees of the same age can be a model for the gene-authentic renewal method – a novelty even at an international level.

Item Type:Article
Series Number / Identification Number:MTMT:1850781
Uncontrolled Keywords:historic allée, preservation of gene bank heritage, nature conservation, renewal and protection of cultural heritage
Divisions:Faculty of Landscape Architecture > Department of Garden and Open Space Design
Subjects:Landscape planning, landscape protection, landscape design
Projects:TÁMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR- 2010-0005
ID Code:1425
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:23 Jan 2014 09:17
Last Modified:09 Jul 2015 13:12

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