Climate-Smart Agriculture on Small-Scale Farms: A Systematic Literature Review

Mizik, Tamás ORCID: (2021) Climate-Smart Agriculture on Small-Scale Farms: A Systematic Literature Review. Agronomy, 11 (6). DOI

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Overpopulation and climate change are among the greatest challenges the world faces. Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) provides an adequate answer by aiming for higher productivity, resilience, as well as GHG emission reduction. As small-scale farms are the cornerstone of the agricultural sector, especially in developing countries, their greater involvement in climate-related actions is essential. CSA practices seek a higher and more stable income sustainably. This systematic literature review aims to provide an overview of how CSA is realized on small-scale farms, what the major CSA practices applied are, and what factors motivate and hamper higher CSA adoption. Based on 30 selected articles, the major message of the literature is a case/site-specific approach due to the tremendous heterogeneity of small-scale farms. As agricultural production is characterized by high risks and low returns, small-scale farmers must consider the length of the payback period when they decide on any CSA practices. This is the reason smallholdings, who implement any CSA practices, must achieve economic benefits, otherwise, they need to be compensated for providing environmental benefits. Moreover, simpler methods with low labor intensity are often applied. Access to the different financial instruments and inputs, knowledge/education/information, and land use security are the critical factors of the CSA adoption. Furthermore, it is worth mentioning that, unlike off-farm activities/incomes, full-time farming is a serious commitment that positively influences CSA adoption.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:climate-smart agriculture, small-scale farms, smart technology, adoption
ID Code:6524
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:31 May 2021 09:12
Last Modified:31 May 2021 09:12

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