Middle class: ways of defining and the special case of China

Hasík, Gabriel (2021) Middle class: ways of defining and the special case of China. Köz-gazdaság, 16 (2). pp. 102-115. DOI

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Many ways of classifying themiddle class more or less reflect the level of local prices, historical background or social aspects. The middle class is generally considered one of the main pillars of the market economy without which achieving and maintaining political stability would be impossible. This is based on the assumption that middle-class members prefer rational political decisions, reject political extremism and prefer political compromise. At the same time, however, the middle class has rising expectations and can therefore be a significant factor in political change. The Chinese middle class has one distinct difference over Western countries. While the middle class in the Western countries is the enemy of the regime and the trigger for democratization, the Chinese middle class has often very close relations with the ruling party. This article aims to show themajor approaches to define the middle class, respectively, thedeeper sociological meaning of the class in general and specifically in China. Thearticle is based on literary research, and apart from theoretical part defining middle class, it describes challenges Chinese middle class is facing. Themaincontribution ofthearticleis thecleardescription of the theoretical concept ofthemiddle class andtheidentification ofdifferentiatingfactors anddeterminants oftheChinese middle class.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Economic development
Public administration
ID Code:6579
Deposited By: Veronika Vitéz
Deposited On:21 Jun 2021 13:28
Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 13:28

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