Slavkov Triangle as a Minilateral Grouping Within the European Union: A Quantitative Analysis

Özoflu, Melek Aylin (2023) Slavkov Triangle as a Minilateral Grouping Within the European Union: A Quantitative Analysis. Köz-gazdaság, 18 (2). pp. 97-113. DOI

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By taking the main aspirations of the minilateralism as a theoretical framework, this research aims to investigate the origins and prospects of the Slavkov Triangle, which was initiated as a new regional platform between Austria, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia in 2015. The main motivation of the grouping has been to enhance the cooperation of these States in various areas, ranging from energy security, transport infrastructure, youth employment and cross-border relations to the social dimension of European integration. The regional platform was regarded as problematic as an alternative to the Visegrad cooperation, since it would imply the isolation of Hungary and Poland. Forming a response to these inquiries, this article aims to find out whether the Slavkov Triangle presents a new, sustainable and alternative central European format. In this respect, the focal point of the research is to answer the question whether the Slavkov Triangle fits theoretically to the traditional ‘minilateral’ grouping definition within the European Union (EU). To reveal whether the members of the Triangle have adopted a concrete joint position in EU decision-making, this paper examines the voting patterns of the members of the Triangle by conducting a quantitative analysis of the voting record of the members of the Triangle in the Council of the EU. The empirical analysis will show the degree to which these countries vote together as a minilateral group. The time frame is designated in two-time spans. The first time span focuses on the time between 2010 and 2015, while the second time span covers voting records from 2015 (the beginning of the initiative) until 2022 November (the most recent date of the voting data that is publicly available). This would help grasp the comparative case basis of voting records of these member states before and after the Triangle. In this way, the current study empirically contributes to the burgeoning scholarly literature on regional groupings within the EU.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Slavkov Triangle, Minilateralism, European Union, Central Eastern Europe, Minilateral groupings, Regional cooperation
JEL classification:D72 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
F50 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy: General
F59 - International Relations and International Political Economy: Other
Subjects:International relations
ID Code:8380
Deposited By: Alexa Horváth
Deposited On:05 Jul 2023 08:19
Last Modified:05 Jul 2023 08:19

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