The Role of the State Audit Office of Hungary in Stabilising Public Finances

Domokos, László, Pulay, Gyula, Pető, Krisztina and Pongrácz, Éva (2015) The Role of the State Audit Office of Hungary in Stabilising Public Finances. Public Finance Quarterly = Pénzügyi Szemle, 60 (4). pp. 415-432.

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The State Audit Office of Hungary is the supreme financial and economic audit institution of the National Assembly. Due to its legal status and duties, the State Audit Office is the only non-governmental body that has an overview of the budget from January to December. The two main pillars of this are the auditing of the execution of the budget and providing opinions on the budget appropriation bill (to be performed with annual frequency as set out in legislation and the SAO strategy). The objective of the final accounts audit is to provide a comprehensive and objective view of the compliance of the final accounts bill, the reliability of data in the bill, and the enforcement of the provisions of the Fundamental Law pertaining to public debt. Parallel to its audit related to providing an opinion on the budget appropriation bill, the State Audit Office also prepares analyses for the Fiscal Council. In these analyses, the SAO provides opinions on the draft budget appropriation bill, the procedures related to the formulation of the public debt ratio, the calculations underlying the planned public debt figure and the substantiation thereof, and, prior to the final vote of the National Assembly on the budget appropriation bill, the enforcement of the public debt rule set out in the Fundamental Law; in other words, whether the criteria required to pass the bill have been fulfilled or not. In addition, the SAO also prepares analyses on budgetary processes for the current year and the year preceding the current year. Pursuant to the new Act on the State Audit Office effective as of 1 July 2011, with its findings, recommendations and advice the State Audit Office assists the National Assembly, its committees and the work of the audited entities. By fulfilling its statutory obligation, the State Audit Office strives to ensure that the National Assembly make the best and most substantiated decision possible in relation to the passing of both the act on the budget and the act on the final accounts. This is the purpose and objective of State Audit Office work, and this is what serves the interests of the country, the citizens of Hungary and the national economy.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:audit, final accounts, measure, accounting, tax, Fiscal Council, budget, bill, synergy, risk
JEL classification:E62 - Fiscal Policy
H61 - National Budget; Budget Systems
H63 - National Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt
H68 - Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt
H70 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations: General
ID Code:8825
Deposited By: Alexa Horváth
Deposited On:18 Sep 2023 07:31
Last Modified:18 Sep 2023 07:31

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