Theoretical and Energy Biomass Potential of Heat and Electricity Production in Kosovo

Sertolli, Ardit, Bai, Attila, Gabnai, Zoltán, Mizik, Tamás ORCID: and Pestisha, Albiona (2023) Theoretical and Energy Biomass Potential of Heat and Electricity Production in Kosovo. Energies, 16 (20). DOI

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The energy use of residues from agriculture, forestry, and solid waste can foster the transition towards a more renewable energy supply. This paper analyzes the energy potential of the above-mentioned sources for energy applications in Kosovo. The analysis is based on statistical data from different studies and reports, analyzing and calculating them to determine the theoretical and energy biomass potential. Kosovo can increase its self-sufficiency by taking advantage of its rich but under-utilized potential of biomass energy sources. This is a novelty study in this area, considering Kosovo lignite-dominated heat energy and electricity consumption and the available special literature. According to our estimates, the theoretical potential is 6.13 million tons/year, while the biomass energy potential should be around 4.57 million tons/year, including approximately 74.6% of biomass, which can be used for energy needs (heating and electricity). Based on the data and calculations, the available and usable potential shows biomass as an energy source with high potential in Kosovo; its share is very low, but it is reasonable to grow for both environmental and economic reasons.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:renewable energy, energy production, renewable energy sources; bioenergy, energy potential, agriculture, forestry, solid waste
Divisions:Institute of Sustainable Development
Subjects:Energy economy
Funders:Ministry of Culture and Innovation of Hungary from the National Research, Development and Innovation Fund
Projects:TKP2021-NKTA-32, 2019-2.1.13-TÉT_IN-2020-00061
ID Code:9480
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:06 Nov 2023 13:58
Last Modified:06 Nov 2023 14:00

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