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Agri-Food Export Competitiveness of the ASEAN Countries

Mizik, Tamás and Szerletics, Ákos and Jámbor, Attila (2020) Agri-Food Export Competitiveness of the ASEAN Countries. Sustainability, 12 (23). pp. 1-15. DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239860

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239860


Abstract

Agri-food trade competitiveness analyses are relatively understudied in the empirical literature with many countries/regions missing. The novelty of this paper to analyze the agri-food export competitiveness patterns of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), thereby aiming to fill this gap in the literature. Our research questions include which countries and products are competitive in the ASEAN region in agri-food trade; whether raw materials or processed products are more competitive; whether regional or global agri-food trade is more competitive and how persistent competitiveness is in the long run. The paper is based on ASEAN–ASEAN and ASEAN–world agri-food trade flows from 2010 to 2018, thereby global and regional competitiveness patterns have become visible. Results suggest that Myanmar (18.88), Laos (8.21) and the Philippines (5.36) have the highest levels of agri-food trade competitiveness in the world market, while in regional markets, Laos (17.17), Cambodia (15.46) and Myanmar (12.39) were the most competitive. Both raw materials, as well as processed products, are generally competitive, and regional trade, in general, was more competitive than global trade for the majority of the countries. However, results suggest a generally decreasing trend in keeping these competitive positions, which is also supported by the duration tests. Survival chances of 98% at the beginning of the period fell to 0–25% by the end of the period, significant at all levels, suggesting that a generally fierce competition exists for ASEAN countries in global as well as regional agri-food trade.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ASEAN, agri-food trade, competitiveness, revealed comparative advantage
Subjects:Food economy
Commerce and tourism
Agriculture
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239860
ID Code:6154
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:10 Dec 2020 15:55
Last Modified:10 Dec 2020 16:24

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