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Is there a demand for autocracies in Europe? Comparing the attitudes of Hungarian and Italian university students toward liberal democratic values inspired by János Kornai

Rosta, Miklós ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7327-473X and Tóth, László (2021) Is there a demand for autocracies in Europe? Comparing the attitudes of Hungarian and Italian university students toward liberal democratic values inspired by János Kornai. Public Choice, 187 (1-2). pp. 217-233. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-021-00877-y

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-021-00877-y

A nyílt hozzáférést az EISZ és a kiadó között létrejött "Read and Publish" szerződés biztosította. Open access was provided "Read and Publish" contract between EIS and the publisher.

Abstract

In the European Union right-wing and left-wing populist parties are increasingly becoming stronger. Meanwhile in Central and Eastern Europe autocracies are emerging and becoming stabilized. Italy and Hungary are two notable examples of these processes. Italy is the only country in Western Europe where a coalition of purely populist parties won an election, while Hungary has the most mature autocracy in the European Union. By using survey methodology, we examined the preferences of Hungarian and Italian students regarding the values of liberal democracy. We seek answers to the questions whether there are any significant differences between the proportion of Hungarian students and Italian students who identify themselves with the values of liberal democracy and which of these values of liberal democracy they consider to be protected values. Based on our results, we claim that students from both countries are more likely to support liberal democratic values than to support either right-wing or left-wing populist values, even if the distributions of the two groups differ significantly. We found that Italian students adhere more strongly to liberal democratic values, while Hungarians are more open to left-wing and right-wing populism. Our results confirm that in Hungary, because of the values that many people hold, conditions are conducive for establishing a sustainable autocracy, while in Italy, the demand for such a system is much weaker.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:liberal democracy, Hungary, Italy, populism, protected values
JEL classification:D70 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General
D72 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
P16 - Capitalist Systems: Political Economy
Subjects:Political science
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-021-00877-y
ID Code:6569
Deposited By: Veronika Vitéz
Deposited On:17 Jun 2021 13:20
Last Modified:30 Sep 2021 14:27

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