What Are the Reasons Behind the Economic Performance of the Hungarian Beer Industry?

Jantyik, Lili, Balogh, Jeremiás Máté and Török, Áron (2021) What Are the Reasons Behind the Economic Performance of the Hungarian Beer Industry? Sustainability, 13 (5). DOI

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In terms of absolute alcohol consumption and total quantity consumed, beer is the most consumed alcoholic beverage in Hungary. The Hungarian beer industry is highly concentrated, the three largest, foreign‐owned companies ruled the market for almost 90% of total turnover in 2009– 2017. The study investigates the factors influencing the Hungarian beer industry’s economic perfor‐ mance, special attention given to the microbreweries. The analysis applied panel‐data linear models for the period of 2009–2017. The financial performance of breweries is represented by companies’ turnover, Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) and profit along with explanatory variables of the age of brewery, Social Media activity, geographical location, direct sales, and impact of tax re‐ duction. Breweries with direct sales channels reached significantly higher sales, EBIT and profit. Breweries situated in or close to the capital are the most profitable due to the higher demand for high‐quality beer, in contrast, the distance from the capital had a negative impact on the firms’ per‐ formance. The Social Media activity–often used as the only promotion channel for the microbrew‐ ery–positively impacts the brewery’s profitability. Finally, tax reduction for small breweries intro‐ duced in 2012 had the most significant positive influence on the industry.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:beer, microbrewery, profitability, Social Media activity, direct sales, short food supply chain, panel regression, Hungary
Food economy
Commerce and tourism
ID Code:6324
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:05 Mar 2021 15:52
Last Modified:05 Mar 2021 15:53

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