Employment effects of childcare availability: Evidence from European Union

Szüle, Borbála (2023) Employment effects of childcare availability: Evidence from European Union. Economics and Sociology, 16 (3). pp. 82-96. DOI

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There are several factors that contribute to the success of a society. Economic and demographic developments are known as important drivers, while the role of parental employment as a key component is sometimes overlooked. This paper focuses on the effects of childcare availability on female and male employment in the European Union regions. Regional differences may be significant, therefore separate panel regression models (with economic and demographic control variables) are established for regions in old and new member states, and the results are compared across different levels of male and female educational attainment. The findings suggest that there is a considerable difference between old and new members states. The availability of early childhood educational development significantly increases employment both for female and male employees with higher education levels in new members states, while this effect is not significant in old member states. For male employees with relatively low education levels, the availability of early childhood educational development does have a significant effect on employment both in old and new member states but this does not hold for female employees with lower education levels.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:employment, labour supply, early childhood education, European Union
JEL classification:E24 - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital
I21 - Analysis of Education
J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Divisions:Institute of Operations and Decision Sciences
Subjects:Labour economics
ID Code:9572
Deposited By: MTMT SWORD
Deposited On:20 Dec 2023 14:32
Last Modified:20 Dec 2023 14:32

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